All Abstracts

STEAM education is an approach to learning that encompasses the use of science, technology, engineering, the arts, and math, to guide critical thinking and problem solving (Schweingruber, Pearson, & Honey, 2014). This teaching method is a kind of culturally responsive pedagogy because most chidl...

Education
Poster

Antibiotics kill the bacteria or make it harder for them to grow. However, some bacteria are no longer affected by these drugs and are termed as “resistant”. Antibiotic resistance is when bacteria have the ability to resist the effects of antibiotics and continue to thrive in spite of treatment....

Biology
Poster

In 1202, Fibonacci, an Italian mathematician, created a mathematical sequence to model the reproduction of rabbits. Fibonacci used his sequence to explore patterns found in multiple areas outside of mathematics such as: nature, art, and architecture. Additionally, the Fibonacci sequence can be found...

Mathematics
Oral

Music plays a vital role in the way a film is perceived and accepted by its audience. In this study, film, music and melody are approached from a musical, psychological, and emotional point of view. This project seeks to understand the psyche and emotions of a listener/viewer. I will analyze the mel...

Music
Oral

In our culture, black women are not seen as important entities to help preserve and protect the African American culture, but are seen and treated as sexualized objects. Negative stereotypes govern the black woman. Strong public disinterest in uplifting black women has detached them from their true ...

Art History
Oral

This study examined whether there is a relationship between maternal rank and infant social behavior in the green monkeys (Chlorocebus sabaeus) of Barbados. Previous research on vervet monkeys suggests that maternal rank is strongly associated with infant rank and social behavior (Horrocks & Hun...

Psychology
Poster

In “Blogging while Black,” Catherine Knight Steele invites us to consider blogs as “sites where black women interrogate the intersectionality of race and gender from a black feminist perspective” (2). Because my project is rooted in English-language literature, I analyze the role of a blog ...

English
Oral

For the first time in history, the aggregate student loan debt in the United States has surpassed the total credit card debt. Furthermore, the amount of federal tax dollars allocated towards funding postsecondary education has remained the same over the last thirty years. Research has shown that the...

Political Science
Oral

Metformin is the most widely used therapeutic for Type 2 diabetes, and it has also been shown to have antineoplastic properties by modulating tumor growth and T cell responses. Immunotherapy for cancer is becoming a promising approach to treat metastatic disease because of the rising pre-clinical an...

Biology
Poster

Water, energy, and food (WEF) are essential to human health, sustainable development, and economic success. WEF nexus is the interrelationship between water, energy, and food. The ability to understand how water, food, and energy are connected allows for a more sustainable environment. Urbanization ...

Environmental Science
Poster

Bacteria are small single-cell, prokaryotic microorganisms. They are normally a few micrometers in length and usually grow together in millions as colonies. Bacteria can vary in shape: spherical (cocci), rod shaped (bacilli), and spiral (spirilla). One of the major factors that can affect bacterial ...

Biology
Poster

Despite its resource wealth, over 40% of Sub-Saharan Africans live in absolute poverty.  With more resources than many of the developed countries, it leaves one to wonder why Africa is unable to sustain steady economic growth, if not dominance. For many highly indebted African countries, it has...

International Studies
Poster

Multiple myeloma (MM) currently accounts for less than 1% of total cancer occurrence worldwide. Despite decades of research and design of therapeutics, clinical responses to molecular-targeted drugs tend to vary and are often unsuccessful. This hematological malignancy originates in the plasma cells...

Biology
Oral

Valproic acid (VPA) is an organic acid and known ERG inhibitor by regulating histone deacetylase (HDAC). HDAC regulates transcription and is known to be highly expressed by ERG. ERG, or ETS-related gene, is a transcription factor in the ETS-1 family. Several studies have shown that ERG plays a large...

Biology
Poster

African American (AA) men are disproportionally affected by prostate cancer (PCa) compared to men of any other ancestral background. Previous studies suggest that there are genes that play a role in PCa development and metastasis. Studies have also shown that during cancer progression, cancer cells ...

Biology
Poster

Compared to European Americans, African Americans are half as likely to use mental health services (Lukachko, Myer & Hankerson, 2015). Also, African American women use services at lower rates compared to African American men (Neufeld, Harrison, Stewart, Hughes, 2008). Research suggests that seve...

Psychology
Poster

The purpose of this study is to explore creative education (focusing on art education) and its impact on children’s development. There is a documented need for quality art education, as art has been used as a means to engage students in the learning process. As young children require hands-on acti...

Education
Oral

Diabetes is a disease in which the blood glucose levels of an individual are unnaturally high. The development of the disease is caused by a lack of insulin production. The island of Trinidad and Tobago has experienced a dramatic increase in the percentage of citizens who are diabetic, hypertensive,...

Health Science
Poster

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disease of impairment in the production of or responsiveness to the pancreatic hormone, insulin. Pediatric patients with diabetes are often deemed to have insulin dependent diabetes (IDDM). Without insulin, children cannot keep their blood glucoses (BG) within a target ra...

Health Science
Poster

Child development can be greatly influenced by prenatal and postnatal experiences. Recent primate studies have shown that prenatal stress can exacerbate behavioral outcomes. Competing demands can cause mothers to become psychologically unavailable to infants, which can disrupt normal development. Fu...

Psychology
Poster

This project is inspired by a poem by the Argentine author Jorge Luis Borges. His work, “Borges y Yo” was written in prose and focuses on the conflict of identity between Borges the individual and Borges the author. Critics such as Roland Barthes, who wrote “The Death of an Author”, believe ...

Spanish
Oral

Numerous forms of modern slavery and human sex trafficking constitute a global billion-dollar industry. China is one of the largest factors fueling this industry. The Chinese government’s inefficient prevention and investigation measures have caused an exponential rise in human sex trafficking. Ov...

International Studies
Poster

Kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure using a donor kidney to treat an individual with end stage renal disease (ESRD). Common causes of ESRD are diabetes and high blood pressure. Approximately 29 million people in America have diabetes, causing a high demand for kidney transplants. Over 100...

Health Science
Oral

African-American respectability politics are founded in ideals of whiteness, yet they are reinforced within the homes, social spaces, and institutions of the black community. HBCUs have long served as hubs of black intellectualism and racial uplift, but have not escaped the consequences of conformit...

History
Oral

The Brazilian film This Love that Consumes Us, directed by Allan Ribeiro (2012), portrays an Afro-Brazilian dance company and its struggle for sustainable artistic creation. The group is striving to secure the house where they live and rehearse in Rio de Janeiro. In my presentation, I analyze how th...

Portuguese
Oral

Biologically relevant odors, including those related to predators, produce unconditioned fear and anxiety-like behaviors, such as risk assessment, avoidance and freezing as well as conditioned place avoidance. In addition to predator odors, social stress can promote anxiety-like behaviors. When a ma...

Psychology
Oral

While the importance of herbivorous fishes in supporting the health of coral reefs has been established globally, the role of herbivorous invertebrates has only been evaluated in the Caribbean, where urchins were found to have compensated for a long history of overfishing when a catastrophic decline...

Environmental Science
Oral

Zero-tolerance policies in schools require severe disciplinary action regardless of the number of infractions or offenses (Skiba 2010). These zero-tolerance rules can result in children being suspended and even expelled from school. Schools relinquish their responsibility to the students they were b...

Education
Poster

There is a well-documented and long-standing disparity between the reading levels of African American children and their European American peers (Craig, 2006). The assessments used to determine student reading levels have been criticized. Washington (1996) proposed that most child language developme...

Education
Poster

Most political research is concerned with Presidential elections. However, congressional elections are more relevant to the interests of citizens. Research about congressional elections in specific districts such as majority-minority districts is scarce. Examining voting in majority-minority distric...

Political Science
Oral

Trichosphaerium is a polymorphic, multinucleated, marine amoeba. It contains spicules consisting of calcium carbonate embedded in the glycocalyx covering that encapsulates the cell membrane. Microbial eukaryotes usually have definite shape and very few are observed to show multiple morphologies that...

Biology
Poster

From 1966 to 1979, the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution redefined China’s political and historical atmosphere for rural Chinese women. Although there is literature that examines gender reforms, family reform and women rights, there is limited scholarly work about how rural women's labor force...

History
Poster

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the sea surface temperature in a region over the Atlantic ocean and hurricane and tropical storm frequency in the United States. Of late, there seems to be an increase in the number of hurricanes making landfall in the United State...

Environmental Science
Poster

This study seeks to explore the politics of Afro-Cuban identity after the triumph of the 1959 Cuban revolution. I answer three main questions: What role, if any, have the tools of nation-state building played on how Cubans identify themselves? Does a distinction between racial identity and national ...

Spanish
Oral

Maternal adaptation to physiological shifts during pregnancy is essential for both successful pregnancy, parturition and newborn health. The physiological changes that occur during pregnancy could be detected at the transcriptional level. However, little research has been conducted on gene regulatio...

Biology
Oral

Media is a socializing institution which produces and reproduces culture by circulating images. Unfortunately, many images that respresent Black Women are "controlling images" (Collins 200:85). Examples of controlling images of Black Women are the Mammie, Jezebel, and the welfare queen. These monoli...

Sociology
Oral

Increasing gentrification and homelessness have coincided with neighborhoods, communities, cities, and states undergoing transformation and reconstruction. A negative outcome of gentrification is cultural displacement experienced when a group is forced out of the neighborhood due to changes in prope...

Economics
Oral

Black Lesbian Fiction emerged as a literary genre out of the cultural work of Black feminists of the 1970’s and 1980’s. The genre’s formal beginning was marked in 1974 by the publication of the novel, Loving Her. Despite its cultural significance, Black Lesbian Fiction and the writers who work...

English
Oral

The unique nature of graphene and its versatility in technological applications has prompted research on the once enigmatic and theoretical material. With a nearly zero band gap, graphene offers conductive properties that surpass most, if not all, other semi-conductors/superconductors. Understanding...

Physics
Poster

The infrared region of the light spectrum contains photon energies that are able to create vibrational excitations of covalently bonded atoms and groups. This region is known to contain many fundamental stretches (e.g. N-H, C-H, O-H, etc.) that are useful when analyzing molecules and determining mol...

Chemistry
Poster